Indoor plants are not only decorative, but also have a practical use: they produce oxygen and humidify the air. Depending on the type and size, the green roommates can filter even larger amounts of pollutants – and thus demonstrably improve the indoor climate.
As part of a study of the oxygen production of plants, which was carried out a few years ago by the NASA was carried out, the positive benefits of green compacts could be confirmed: In order to improve the indoor climate for astronauts, the US federal agency for space travel and flight science used indoor plants. And found out that their test objects have an air-purifying effect by filtering pollutants such as formaldehyde, benzene or trichloroethane from the air. These can be found, for example, in paints and solvents, cigarettes and carpets. They contribute to the fact that the air quality in closed rooms deteriorates and the ability to concentrate is negatively affected. Air-purifying plants are therefore a sensible purchase for your home – or the office.
Five air-purifying plants: tips for care
1. Green lily
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Due to its easy-care properties, the Green lily a welcome guest in many households. The air-purifying plant prefers partial shade, i.e. it should neither stand in the blazing sun nor in the dark shade. Its green leaves are adorned with a white border, which makes them particularly decorative – and also filters pollutants such as formaldehyde and xylene from the air. It is also particularly nice that the green lily is easy to multiply: Simply cut off a flower stem and place it in the water for a week or two until the roots sprout. In addition, the plant is non-toxic and therefore also suitable for cat owners.
2. Dragon tree
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This air-purifying plant is also a master at breaking down pollutants from the air – such as benzene, formaldehyde, trichlorethylene and xylene. The Dragon tree prefers a bright location, but doesn’t like blazing sun. It is an exotic species from Africa that prefers warm temperatures (between 19 and 25 degrees Celsius) – and is unfortunately also poisonous, so it should not be within the reach of small children or cats. Its height is between 50 and 120 centimeters, the leaves are narrow and have white vertical stripes.
3. Aloe vera
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That Aloe vera has a positive effect on our body (more precisely, it is the ingredients from its leaves) is commonly known. But did you also know that the evergreen houseplant has air-purifying properties? It is even particularly efficient when it comes to breaking down formaldehyde and benzene. In contrast to other species, it produces oxygen for 24 hours, including at night, and is therefore particularly suitable for the bedroom. In addition, the succulent plant has few demands on its location and is therefore particularly easy to care for.
4. Single sheet
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The A leaf also likes it partially shaded (preferably also shady) and only needs moderate water. In addition to its air-filtering properties, to which pollutants such as benzene, formaldehyde, trichlorethylene and xylene fall victim, the houseplant with its green leaves and white flowers is a real eye-catcher. But here, too, caution is advised, as the green roommate is poisonous – and therefore not suitable for pet owners or families with small children. Unless the plant is not accessible to endangered people and animals.
5. Bow hemp
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Its hard, long leaves (growing upwards) make for an imposing appearance: the poisonous one Bow hemp like its predecessors, is also very talented when it comes to improving the indoor climate. The air-purifying plant is easy to care for, likes direct sunlight and can withstand high temperatures. Due to its large leaves, pollutants such as benzene, formaldehyde, trichlorethylene and xylenes are very effectively broken down from the air. The green roommate also produces fresh oxygen.
How many plants do you need for a room?
Depending on how big a room is and how many people are in it at the same time, you need a certain number of air-purifying plants – one alone cannot noticeably improve the indoor climate. For a 30 square meter room, at least eight small or four large indoor plants (the pot diameter should be 24 centimeters) are recommended. It doesn’t matter whether you want to improve the air quality in private or business rooms, the number remains the same. When choosing your plants, however, keep in mind that they will only serve their purpose if you cater to individual needs. This means the ideal location as well as the pouring intervals.
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