One more “the way we were” doc of questionable origin supposed to reveal by comparability how a lot better off we’re at the moment is the “Rules for Teachers – 1872” listing:
RULES FOR TEACHERS – 1872
1. Teachers every day will fill lamps, clear chimneys.
2. Every instructor will deliver a bucket of water and a scuttle of coal for the each day session.
3. Make your pens fastidiously. You whittle nibs to the particular person style of the pupils.
4. Males lecturers might take one night every week for courting functions, or two evenings per week in the event that they go to church recurrently.
5. After ten hours at school, the lecturers might spend the remaining time studying the Bible or different good books.
6. Girls lecturers who marry or have interaction in unseemly conduct will probably be dismissed.
7. Each instructor ought to lay except for every pay a goodly sum of his earnings for his profit throughout his declining years in order that he won’t grow to be a burden on society.
8. Any instructor who smokes, makes use of liquor in any kind, frequents pool or public halls, or will get shaved in a barber store will give good cause to suspect his value, intention, integrity and sincere.
9. The instructor who performs his labor faithfully and with out fault for 5 years will probably be given a rise of twenty cents per week in his pay, offering the Board of Training approves.
We’re anticipated to take this listing in and marvel at the grimness of a late nineteenth century American schoolteacher’s lot: the career was lowly regarded, the work was bodily demanding and concerned lengthy hours on the job, the place paid poorly, retirement advantages had been non-existent, and lecturers had been anticipated to be amongst the most morally upright members of their group. (Some trendy lecturers would in all probability agree that possibly issues haven’t modified a lot since then in spite of everything.) However the backside line is that no one has ever been capable of confirm the authenticity of this “Rules for Teachers – 1872” listing.
The earliest iteration of this listing that we’ve uncovered to this point dates from 1959, when it was attributed to a faculty principal in Manhattan named Winifred Northrup:
This listing has been reproduced in numerous newspapers and books over the sixty years since then, and copies of it have been displayed in quite a few museums all through North America, with every exhibitor claiming that it originated with their county or college district. Any proof documenting the existence of the authentic listing stays elusive, nonetheless.
“Rules for Teachers – 1872” additionally been additionally supplied in quite a lot of completely different guises, corresponding to an inventory of guidelines for gross sales clerks at W.T. Stewart’s division retailer in New York, for ground nurses in a hospital, and for the workers of a New England carriage works. All makes an attempt to hint this doc to its origins inevitably lifeless finish with a photocopy or printed sheet of indeterminate origin and suspiciously trendy classic.
As some extent of reference, we visited a historic website in our neighborhood which included a restored nineteenth century schoolhouse, full with a preserved contemporaneous listing of directions for lecturers. The gadgets on that listing had been relatively mundane, directing lecturers to comply with protocol by taking common attendance, utilizing the assigned texts, and so on. Nothing on the listing concerned guide labor or bore on the ethical conduct of lecturers’ non-public lives.
Maybe this piece tells us extra about our up to date imaginative and prescient of life in the 1870s than it does about life in the actual 1870s.
‘Rules for Teachers – 1872’ Variations
Generally the doc features a listing of equally onerous guidelines for college students:
1. Respect your schoolmaster. Obey him and settle for his punishments.
2. Don’t name your classmates names or combat with them. Love and assist one another.
3. By no means make noises or disturb your neighbors as they work. Be silent throughout courses.
4. Don’t discuss until it’s completely essential.
5. Carry firewood into the classroom for the range every time the instructor tells you to.
6. If the grasp calls your identify after class, straighten the benches and tables, sweep the room, mud and go away all the pieces tidy.
One other related gadgets purports to be an inventory of guidelines for lecturers from 1915:
You should be dwelling between the hours of 8 p.m. and 6 a.m. until attending a faculty perform.
You might not loiter downtown in any ice cream shops.
You might not journey past the metropolis limits until you could have permission of the chairmen of the board.
You might not smoke cigarettes.
You might not beneath any circumstances dye your hair.
You might not costume in vibrant colours.
You might not experience in a carriage or vehicle with any man until he be your father or brother.
You need to put on a minimum of two petticoats.
Your clothes should not be any shorter than 2 inches above the ankles.