On New Year’s Eve, NASA’s Horizons Probe Will Explore the Distant World Beyond Pluto

NASA’s new Horizon probe is ready to explore the world beyond Pluto. It will fly past 2014 MU69 in the early hours of 1st January 2019. The spacecraft will snap photos of Ultima Thule, an object farther than the last planet in the solar system. Therefore, the new year’s beginning will be a starting point revealing operating of the New Horizons spacecraft. The flyby will take place on the first day of the new year, and the rocket will continue exploring the Kuiper Belt until the upcoming two years. While Ultima seems to be a surprisingly dark world. Whereas there are a number of probable explanations of the location, but none of them have any previous case in the solar system.

Over last two weeks, the spacecraft gradually made its proceed towards Ultima Thule. Moreover, to ensure that the New Horizon is on the right track the scientists performed a series of tests and orbit corrections. While operating, they took care that the spacecraft should not collide with any space debris. Although, the team of observers, i.e., New Horizon watch team consists of 12 scientists. On 15th December, the team used New Horizons’ telescopic Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) to verify the safety of approach path. However, if they had detected any obstructions in the current approach path, the space agency would have selected a secondary route.

Scientists use a method to figure out the exact shape of small objects, and it is they observe light curve of the object. All in all, it means that looking at how the sunrays reflect the object changes as time passes. The technique can discover how fast the object is spinning and the shape of it. But in the case of Ultima Thule, there are entirely different prospects. Previously, researches revealed that the object could be shapeless. Moreover, there may be two different objects orbiting each other. That means the object must have a pretty erratic light curve, but it’s not present. Yes, the New Horizon’s team has not yet discovered any light curve. Finally, New Horizons will capture images from the flyby and clear the hypothesis made by researchers.

Scientists Say the Strange Behavior of Uranus Is a Result of Massive Collision

Many pieces of research have already proved that Uranus is an amazing planet in the solar system. Uranus is the only planet that spins on its side. Formerly, in July, researchers discovered that Uranus rotates differently, it turns about 90-degree angle to the other planets in the solar system. After this research, they theorized that the strange behavior might be due to a considerable impact. Currently, scientists came to know that a gigantic rock twice bigger than Earth pushed Uranus. According to new research, the collision theory is correct.

Jacob Kegerreis, an astronomy researcher from Durham University, presented his research at an Earth and space science conference. The team of scientists from the United Kingdom appended some facts to the collision theory. They used detailed computer simulations to show that a giant rock crashed into the surface of Uranus. Thus, the team provides a video displaying the view of a crash. Researchers wrote that most of the material from the impactors rocky core falls into the center of the destination object. They also believe that the massive collision might have taken place millions of years ago. On the other hand, NASA’s chief scientist, Jim Green, said Uranus is a unique planet in the solar system. The giant planet tilts about 90-degrees on its side.

Besides, it has an unbalanced magnetic field, and it doesn’t reach out the poles like Earth. Also, it is a planet with no interior heat escape from the core. It has a ring system similar to that of Saturn, although it’s a faint one. Another scientist, Scott Sheppard, says it is extraordinary. Therefore, the simulation released by the researchers have initiated an argument among the theorists. However, some of the conspiracy theorists trust that in future Earth will also face similar collision. According to these conspiracy theorists, the powerful crash with an unknown planet X will be disastrous. Besides, it may lead to an end of the world. Until now, scientists have not found any necessary evidence to prove the existence of Planet X or Planet Nine.

Scientists at Washington University Combined Rabbit Genes with Household Plant to Purify Indoor Air

Plants are a source of oxygen but have you ever listened about plants cleaning harmful chemicals in the air. Scientists have modified a houseplant that is capable of cleaning the air inside the house. In short, the researchers developed an air purifier houseplant. The new research was published in Environmental Science and Technology. In the article, scientists explain how they altered a common houseplant and empowered it to clean the air around it. The scientists at the University of Washington have genetically modified a common plant – pothos ivy. The plant has the potential to remove chloroform and benzene from the surroundings.

The plant consists of a protein called as 2E1 which is commonly present in all mammals, including humans. But in human beings, it is present in liver and actively works against alcohol. Thus, it does not play any role in protecting humans from air pollution. Research head, Prof. Stuart Strand, said they decided to have this reaction outside the body. They aim to make the response possible in plants and the results are here. To achieve the goal scientists made a sample copy of the 2E1 protein in rabbits. After that, scientists inserted the same into the widely available houseplant pothos ivy. As a result, every cell of the plant transformed into a small-scale factory for 2E1. They often call it a “green liver”.

Therefore, to testify the experiment, the plants were placed in glass tubes filled with probably harmful household pollutants. They got incredible results, after knowing that chloroform disappeared within six days. In addition to this, benzene levels had decreased by three-quarters after eight days. To compare the outcomes, the researchers also repeated the process with regular plants. This time, they found no changes in the composition of gases. The researchers recommend that their plants are capable of cleaning the household air. Dr. Long Zhang, study’s lead author, said they wanted to perform this operation into pothos ivy. The reason behind selecting the plant is it is a healthy houseplant and can grow in any condition. Currently, the scientists are planning to perform additional tests to see if they can clear other chemicals.